What is Cholesterol? What Causes High Cholesterol? What are LDL and HDL cholesterol?

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What does most junk food have in common? The answer is high levels of cholesterol. What is cholesterol? – It is a waxy by product (known as a lipid), of the human liver and is also commonly found in foods like meats, fish, egg, whole fat dairy products. The human body has a number of limits, one of which is known as cholesterol. Having a thorough understanding of what is cholesterol, is important for nutritional well being, many people see cholesterol as a bad thing because it is a type of fat, many people may cut out cholesterol based food completely in an attempt to lost weight. But the truth is that cholesterol is needed for vital functions in the body, for example, cholesterol aids the development o hormones and vitamin D. it is also needed to build or rebuild cellular walls and create bile fast that are used to digestion and process fat in the body. You can also modify and enhance your diet if you have a clear idea of what is cholesterol and how much is too much.

The human liver produces an average amount of 1000 milligrams of cholesterol a day, so you don’t need to supplement this intake of cholesterol. But cholesterol is found in many foods, so it is hard to avoid or control cholesterol intake. Cholesterol is the body is a good thing as it aids normal functioning, but having high cholesterol can lead to a lot of problems, there are numerous factors that can contribute to high cholesterol, thankfully it is also quite easy to limit and/or control them. Firstly the average recommended amount of cholesterol intake is about 150-250 milligrams per day, if you already have high cholesterol levels, you can modify your diet to include more, vegetables, fruits and grains.

Cholesterol needs to combine with protein to be able to travel through the bloodstream; this combination is known as lipoprotein. Lipoproteins are divided into high- density lipoproteins (HDL) and low density-lipoproteins (LDL). LDL is known as bad cholesterol, while HDL is known as good cholesterol, both have different effects on the human body; LDL cholesterol is capable of clogging blood vessels restricting blood flow, while HDL carries cholesterol out of the blood stream and back into the liver, processed and then excreted from the body. When you have high cholesterol, that is more than the required amount of LDL, the excess amounts collect along the walls of the arteries and harden to form plaque. This leads in smaller arteries that limit the blood flow to the heart, this condition is known as atherosclerosis, (hardening of arteries) which leads to heart problems.

High LDL cholesterol can be attributed to either one of or a combination of the following factors- heredity, poor diet, age and obesity or being overweight. Cholesterol can be controlled or reduced through physical activity or exercise, decreasing the amount of saturated and unsaturated fats, trans fats, dairy and milk by products; severs cases may require medication. Heart attacks and heart related problems are largely unpredictable, but controlling levels of LDL cholesterol helps to lower your risks significantly.

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