Dietary Guidelines and Key Recommendations for Americans
Dietary Guidelines is made for helping Americans to eat healthy diet. In Recommended Dietary Guidelines for Americans which is also known as DGA give nutritional suggestion for those people who are more than 2 years old in America. US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Health and Human Services, publish Dietary Guidelines for Americans every 5 years. Latest addition of DGA is 2015-2020.
Purpose of Establishing Dietary Guidelines for Americans
Basically, reason of publishing DGA is to improve health of Americans and lower chronic conditions risk factors. Chronic conditions such as stroke, cancer, atherosclerosis, heart disease, renal disease and hypertension. Purpose of DGA is to guide expansion of Federal policies and programs in concern to food, nutrition, and health.
Present Recommended Dietary Guidelines for Americans:
In 3 stages, Current DGA was developed which is given below:
- Stage 1: Beginning with a review of scientific evidence
- Stage 2: Development of the guidelines
- Stage 3: Implementation of the guidelines
Present recommendations; provide suggestion to people for eating healthy diet with suitable calories.
Healthy eating includes:
- Vegetables which involves dark beans, peas, green, red and orange, potatoes, rice, pasta, bread and others.
- Whole fruits
- Whole grains
- Poultry, eggs, Seafood, beans, peas, lean meats, nuts seeds and soy products and these are good source of protein.
- Dairy products which are fat-free or having low fat such as cheese, milk, yogurt and fortified soy beverages.
Limit in Diet:
- Trans fats
- Less than 10% of calories in added sugars
- Less than 2.3 g/day (5.8 g of salt/day) sodium which includes table salt and salt in foods.
- If any of consuming alcohol, and use it in limit and allowable only for adults i.e. for women, up to 1 drink daily and for men, up to 2 drinks on a daily basis.
- Less than 10% of calories in Saturated fats
Healthful diet helps children to develop and grow effectively. People need energy and other necessary nutrients because this nutrient can only get from food. Human body cannot make nutrients by its own. Fatty acids, amino acids, minerals and vitamins are important nutrients. Fiber and other plant compounds are included in foods which are also necessary for human body.