What is Vocational School, Education and Training
Vocational School is one that imparts education with a different and a more precise form. Vocational education is a boon to today’s mankind. It is also called VET (vocational education and training. It is that education which is based on occupation or employment. It prepares one for specific trades, which can be carried on. Its scopes are also for a professional position; namely, in engineering, medical field accountancy and law.
Vocational training is a kind of knowledge imparted regarding a particular procedure which needs to be carried on. It is different from the education received in colleges with strict formulas and theories to follow. However, a minimal education is also necessary. Vocational education is somewhat similar to the age old apprenticeship of learning which was designed for many levels of work, from manual trades to a higher level of work with proper knowledge.
Today, as labor market is more specialized, and, from the financial point of view there has been a great encouragement for these vocational schools, its education and training.
Vocational training is a kind of practical oriented courses, where one is taught the practical way to deal with any job directly. They are given practical knowledge of how, when and what is required in a particular field or a job. In doing so one not only learns but gets work experience (which is a must required criteria in today’s employment world) at the same time. Following this, they get placements in those particular jobs.
Vocational education or school has two ways of imparting knowledge. Firstly formal, which deals with a particular pattern of education where one also receives certificates or diplomas by the state/ central government. Secondly, the non-formal helps one to learn and get experience in a particular trade which his/her family has been carrying on from the past.
There are 220 million children going to school out of which only 12% manage to reach to the universities. This is probably due to a deficit in the secondary education. According to statistics only 40% of the students go for these vocational schools and seek successful employment. Majority of them are basically taking non-formal means of learning aided by computer knowledge, which is mandatory these days.
The vocational training in our country is delivered by mainly two bodies.
The Public Training Institutes (ITIs) and The Private owned Industrial Training Centers (ITCs)
Some principle training schemes include the Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS), the Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS), Supervisory/Foremen Training Scheme, Instructional Media Development Program and Hi-Tech Training Scheme.
Despite efforts made to popularize these courses, several problems prevent Vocational Schools from reaching common masses and youth. This could be due to a lack in experience and qualified teachers to train students on vocational skills. Hence, vocationalization at all levels has not been successful. Poor quality of training is not in line with industrial needs.
Proper awareness needs to be implemented for the success of vocational schools; mainly by media and personal efforts too. It is then only that illiteracy and unemployment may be tackled.